Oil Spill in Mauritius

Water pollution is greatly caused by imperfect water treatments, or legal and illegal discharges from factories. Through natural instances, such as wind and storms, debris is sent into waterways. However, humans are another source of this issue, where the causes range from littering to spills of oil pipelines/ fracking systems. In fact, there has been a recent oil spill off the coast of Mauritius, in the Indian Ocean. On the island’s southeastern coast, a grounded ship contained nearly 4,000 tons of fuel oil and 200 tons of diesel on board. According to the Mauritian environment minister, Kavydass Ramano, oil reached their island nation that had relied on the surrounding waters for fishing and tourism. Not only did it affect the lifestyles of many individuals, it triggered an environmental crisis; this can be seen in pictures of the spill making its way into the clear blue waters of the country’s blue lagoons. Seen as this is the first time the nation faced this catastrophe, they were insufficiently equipped to respond to this situation. The island- home to rare/endangered species, tropical forests, sandy beaches, and mountains- was already struggling to attract tourists, due to the pandemic. Now, with the addition of the risks in oil, oceans and biodiversity are severely threatened. The company that owns the oil ship, Nagashiki Shipping, made it unclear whether they planned to pay for cleaning, or give compensation for any harm. Either way, oil spills are incredibly harmful to species that come in contact with these polluted regions. The period of time for recovery can also take years.